Amritsar Agreement 1846

Kaschmiris, who are protesting against the blocking of security and the cutting off of communications in the state, have repeatedly referred to 1846, when, as one national conference leader put it, “Kashmiris were sold, with their land, water and sky above their heads.” Article 8 of Maharajah Gulab Singh undertakes to comply with the provisions of Articles V, VI and VII of the separate undertaking between the British government and Lahore Durbar of 11 March 1846 with regard to the territory entrusted to it. The Treaty of Lahore, signed on 9 March 1946, marked the end of the First Anglo-Sikh War, which took place between the Sikh Empire and the East India Company between 1845 and 1846. The contract was executed on March 16, 1846. He formalized the agreements reached in the Lahore contract between the British East India Company and Raja Gulab Singh of Jammu after the First Anglo-Sikh War. [1] By Article 1 of the Treaty, Gulab Singh acquired “all the hilly or mountainous land, with its outbuildings east of the Indus River and west of the Ravi River, including Chamba and without Lahul , as part of the territories ceded to the British government by the State of Lahore, in accordance with Article IV of the Treaty of Lahore of 9 March 1846.” Under Article 3, Gulab Singh would have to pay 75 lakhs (7.5 million) nanak Shahi Rupees (the dominant currency of the Sikh empire) to the British government, as well as other annual tributes. [1] The Treaty of Amritsar marked the beginning of Dogra`s reign in Kashmir. [2] Article 1 The British government transfers and transfers to Maharajah Gulab Singh and the heirs of his body all the hilly or mountainous land, with its outbuildings east of the Indus River and west of the Ravi River, including Chamba and without Lahol, which are part of the territories ceded by the State of Lahore to the British government under Article IV of the State. Lahore, dated March 9, 1846. The valley remained with the Sikhs until shortly after the death of Maharaja Ranjit Singh in 1839.

After the defeat of the Anglo-Sikh War, the Sikh Empire of Kashmir had to yield to the English East India Company by the Treaty of Lahore, signed on 9 March 1846. To pay, the Kashmiris were heavily taxed from the beginning and complained of being sold into slavery, and British writers wrote a great readture about these contracts. [5] [3] [4] [6] [7] [8] [9] [2] [10] [11] [12] [13] The Slavery Abolition Act 1833 (3-4 Will). IV v. 73) abolished slavery throughout the British Empire. The Slavery Abolition Act 1833 (3 -4 Will. IV.c. 73) came into force before Amritsar (1846) (March 16, 1846) signed the treaty. Already in 1868, in the book Cashmere Misgovernment, Robert Thorp declared that the people of Kashmir were being sold to slavery to Gulab Singh. [14] Arthur Brinkman, in his work written in December 1867, “The Wrongs of Cashmere” also says: “informs the reader of the wretched state of a people we have sold against their inclination and their cry united to us.” Arthur Brinkman was an Anglican missionary and Anglican mission groups had collaborated with the Anti Slavery Society, to lobby for the Slavery Abolition Act of 1833 a few years earlier[15] Article 3 Given the transfer to him and his heirs by the provisions of article Maharajah Gulab Singh will pay the British government the sum of seventy-five lakhs of rupees (Nanukshahe) , fifty lakhs to be paid on October 1 of the current year, A.D., 1846.